Payables Test Set for ACL

Payables Test Set for ACL

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The Payables Test Set presents a comprehensive list of objectives that every audit of the accounts payable function must meet. Tests are translated into computer-aided audit routines and fully documented, including flowcharts and source code. Within the menu-driven interface you can start doing necessary, worthwhile work within a few minutes of opening either book. Every application is open-ended: you can include additional batches, customize existing ones, create a new interface, whatever you wish. Presented in a coil-bound 128-page manual showing actual code next to helpful programming tips, explanatory diagrams, tables and flowcharts. Compatible with Versions 7 and 8 of ACL for Windows.

Assessment of Consumer Credit:

Assessment of Consumer Credit:

Автор:

The Bank was awarded ISO 9002 accreditation for its personal and business banking services. This ISO 9002 designation is the first of its kind for a bank in Bangladesh. HSBC extended its operation to the consumer banking sector in Bangladesh once it realized the huge growth potential in this segment. HSBC is currently providing a large number of personal asset products to a growing consumer base in Bangladesh. Analysis of consumer credit products of HSBC shows that it is one of the important products of the bank. Growth in the consumer banking sector has resulted in the penetration of the risk pool of potential customers. Credit limit decisions have to be made in a standardized and systematic way in order to process the loans rapidly and effectively. Credit Analysts make subjective decisions based on old financial information, a different set of facts and feelings in each case, and an intuitive weighting system based on personal experience. This paper focuses on how the loans were carried, starting from the application through to the disbursement. It also shows the number and amount of the loan disbursement by year and how much is recovered over the years.

Good intentions aren’t good enough

Good intentions aren’t good enough

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Compliance is traditionally measured through the comparisons of revenue statistics or self-reports of compliance against aggregated revenue figures. These methods fail to address the true nature of evasion: not only the correct application of the law, but also the deliberate intention of the individual to avoid their legal obligations. This study measures compliance by differentiating those who deliberately evade from those who are accidentally non-compliant. Research was conducted using an online survey with small business taxpayers. Results indicate that compliance behaviour can be predicted using the Compliance Behaviour Model. However, intention is only a good predictor of compliance behaviour when taxpayers are fully aware of the tax rules. When minor complexity or system constraints are introduced, intention becomes less reliable as a predictor of behaviour. These findings have substantial implications for taxation authorities. Only those who have the means and the resources to comply are able to fulfil their obligations. Good intentions aren’t good enough to ensure taxpayer compliance.

Environmental Taxes for the Improvement of Heath

Environmental Taxes for the Improvement of Heath

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Human capital is an important asset of a country for the economic development. Due to air pollution human capital cannot be utilized properly and net national product and gross domestic product of a country decreases. Green Accounting contains a beneficial economic model where government pursues optimal economic policies. The willing to pay system among workers is beneficial to the government, factory owners and workers of a country. The optimal environmental tax should be less than the marginal environmental damages; since the presence of pre-existing distortionary taxes, increasing the welfare costs is associated with the overall tax code. The reduction of pollution causes the benefits of health by supplying maximum labors to create benefit-side tax interactions, which will tend to reduce the optimal environmental taxes. The book also investigates some policies that would influence people to drive fewer miles and to buy smaller cars, use better pollution control equipment, and cleaner fuel.

HOW GOOD IS MERTON MODEL AT ASSESSING CREDIT RISK? EVIDENCE FROM INDIA

HOW GOOD IS MERTON MODEL AT ASSESSING CREDIT RISK? EVIDENCE FROM INDIA

Автор:

This book models the default probabilities and credit spreads for select Indian firms in the Black-Scholes-Merton framework.In particular,it shows that the objective (or ‘real») probability estimates are higher than the risk-neutral estimates over the sample period. However, the probability measure is found to be robust to the ‘default trigger point». The model output also compares favorably with the default rate reported by CRISIL»s Average 1-year rating transitions as well as the Altman Z-score measure. However it does not generate spreads as high as those observed in the corporate bond market. Perhaps not surprisingly, this is consistent with the received literature on credit spreads. This book is meant for Credit Analysts and Officers of the Credit Risk Management Department of banks and financial institutions who are concerned with designing and developing internal credit rating models, pricing models and credit portfolio models as well as students of Finanace and those teaching Risk Management.

Fundamentals of Cost Accounting

Fundamentals of Cost Accounting

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Book DescriptionA direct, realistic, and efficient way to learn cost accounting. Fundamentals is short (736 pages) making it easy to cover in one semester. The authors have kept the text concise by focusing on the key concepts students need to master.Opening vignettes and In Action boxes show realistic applications of these concepts throughout. The Topic Tackler CD reinforces this realism with video clips of different businesses that use cost accounting. Comprehensive end-of-chapter problems plus Homework Manager provide students with all the practice they need to fully learn each concept.

Налоговые процедуры

Налоговые процедуры

Автор: А. Н. Козырин, В. А. Кинсбурская, А. В. Реут, О. Ю. Семенча

В учебном пособии рассмотрены основные теоретические вопросы налоговых процедур. Раскрываются их понятие и система, исследуются особенности субъектного состава. Подробно рассмотрены правотворческие и материальные процедуры. В основу работы положены законодательство Российской Федерации о налогах и сборах, принятые в его развитие подзаконные нормативные правовые акты, а также судебно-арбитражная и иная правоприменительная практика. Для студентов, аспирантов и преподавателей экономических и юридических факультетов, должностных лиц финансовых, налоговых и таможенных органов, судей, а также для юристов, практикующих в налоговой сфере.

Financial Ratios,

Financial Ratios,

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Financial Ratios,

Теория двух рядов 4-х счетов бухгалтерского и финансового учета. Единый План счетов по МСФО и РСБУ

Теория двух рядов 4-х счетов бухгалтерского и финансового учета. Единый План счетов по МСФО и РСБУ

Автор: А. Д. Черкай

Впервые в российской и мировой практике приводится детальный критический анализ основ теории балансоведения и бухгалтерского учета. На основе этого анализа автором разработана теория двух рядов 4-х счетов единая для банковского, бюджетного, МСФО, ГААП США, РСБУ и других видов учета. Построены новые балансовые уравнения раздельного учета материальных и юридических активов и обязательств и общая для финансового и всех видов бухгалтерского учета математическая лингвистическая модель с универсальным финансовым бухгалтерским семантическим кодом (УФБСК Черкая). Ведется параллельный учет хозяйственных операций на счетах банковского и бюджетного, МСФО и РСБУ учета, демонстрирующий преимущества применения счетов с переменным сальдо. Разработаны простые и понятные любому бухгалтеру процедуры перевода классических счетов РСБУ в счета МСФО и обратно, и построен общий для МСФО и РСБУ План счетов. Его применение в учете по МСФО существенно упрощает процесс перехода России к МСФО, экономя время и средства каждого бухгалтера. В государственном масштабе это экономия более миллиарда долларов. Книга предназначена для всех бухгалтеров-практиков и аудиторов, руководителей и бизнесменов, экономистов и менеджеров, студентов и преподавателей ВУЗов и СУЗов, инженеров и программистов и всех тех, кому необходимы знания основ теории и практики современного бухгалтерского и финансового учета.

RES ACCTG REGUL VOL 8Research in Accounting Regulation (RAR )

RES ACCTG REGUL VOL 8Research in Accounting Regulation         (RAR )

Автор:

RES ACCTG REGUL VOL 8Research in Accounting Regulation (RAR )