Regulation and Entry into Telecommunications Markets

Regulation and Entry into Telecommunications Markets

Автор:

This book examines competition and regulation in the liberalized telecommunications markets, filling the gap between the existing economic literature on competition and the real-life application of theory to policy. Paul de Bijl and Martin Peitz analyse a broad range of market constellations, in particular the hot topic of access price regulation in asymmetric markets, and derive from this their various policy recommendations. This book is a valuable resource for academics, regulators and telecommunications professionals, and is accompanied by extensive simulation programs devised by the authors.

Economic Liberalisation and the Evolution of Income Distribution

Economic Liberalisation and the Evolution of Income Distribution

Автор:

The book explores the effects of the internationalisation of economies on income distribution through a global analysis and a relevant country case, Mexico. The global analysis illustrates that, of the set of economic norms that dominated the political economy during the 1980s and mid-1990s, low inflation and the promotion of employment reduce inequality, FDI increases it and trade exerts a weak benefit on income distribution. The study also shows a direct relationship between economic growth and income inequality. The country case indicates that inequality has tended to increase in post-reform Mexico, mainly due to the rise in skill premium, the fall of unionisation rates, deterioration of the agricultural sector, the rise of services, and capital concentration. The set of socio-political norms that have been promoted by multilateral institutions since the mid-1990s, as an addition to the original orthodox prescription, represents an improvement of the economic liberalisation process. In this respect, domestic efficiency, government expenditure, and education mitigate the adverse effect of economic liberalisation.

Institutional Economics

Institutional Economics

Автор:

This wide-ranging and highly accessible introduction presents both the key theories of Original Institutional Economics and New Institutional Economics in a balanced and intuitive way, reserving technical discussions mainly for appendices. The authors have assumed only minimal, principles-level, knowledge of economics on the part of the reader, making the text ideally suited for use as core reading in undergraduate courses as well as in graduate courses where the backgrounds of students are diverse.

Рабство как система хозяйства. Этнологическое исследование

Рабство как система хозяйства. Этнологическое исследование

Автор: Нибур Г.И.

Вниманию читателей предлагается книга английского этнолога Г.И.Нибура (1873—1919), посвященная исследованию рабства как хозяйственной системы. Автор ставит целью выяснить причины, вследствие которых с ходом европейской истории рабство и крепостное право клонились к упадку и к концу Средневековья практически утратили свое значение. Книга разделена на две части: описательную и теоретическую. В первой части приводится определение и общая характеристика рабства, а также дается фактический обзор рабства у диких племен различных частей земного шара. Во второй части на основе изучения этнографических материалов с применением сравнительного метода автор стремится определить условия, необходимые для успеха рабства как системы хозяйства, и противоположные условия, при которых рабский труд вынужден уступить место свободному труду.Книга рекомендуется историкам, этнологам, обществоведам, экономистам, а также всем заинтересованным читателям.

An Economic Analysis of Pesticide Application

An Economic Analysis of Pesticide Application

Автор:

The role of pesticides is most significant among various agricultural inputs in boosting agricultural production and productivity. Since, pesticide acts as protective umbrella for other inputs. A crop is equally attacked by a number of pests which appear at different stages of growth of crop, but their virulence varies widely. The loss sustained by the crop depends on the extent and virulence of pest attack. If the attack is of epidemic in nature the crop lose may be total in spite of all other inputs being optimal. To elucidate this point further, after using other inputs such as HYV (High Yielding Verities) seeds, irrigation, fertilizers, machinery, labour and credit if the crop is destroyed by pests and diseases the entire investment is lost. Timely and Judicious use of pesticides can save the crop from such disaster. Hence pesticides is a crucial input in enhancing agricultural output and controlling insect pests, provided if it is handled with almost care.

Managing Enterprise Risk: What the Electric Industry Experience Implies for Contemporary Business

Managing Enterprise Risk: What the Electric Industry Experience Implies for Contemporary Business

Автор:

The increasing complexity of emerging business models and a growing societal concern with the integrity of financial reporting now leads to new emphases on accountability within large, publicly traded energy corporations. This book emphasizes the implications these issues have in the electric industry, a traditional infrastructure that underlies the digital society and now faces extraordinary environmental, regulatory, and technological uncertainties. Informs professionals in a variety of fields of the best current thinking on business riskhow it can be understood, how it can be managed, and how it can be communicated to diverse constituencies.

Essays in Economic Studies

Essays in Economic Studies

Автор:

This book is a collection of different essays on economic studies. It contains seven parts with fourth two essays. Each part deals with an advanced topic in economic. Part one: History of economic thought, Part two: Money and banking, Part three: The theory of the firm. Part four of this book is titled: Trade cycle, Part five of this book the economic history, Part six: Applied economics, and finally Part seven: Public choice. The book is useful for different types of readers, for example post graduate students in economics and business management, it will help them to understand the advanced topics of economics, for lecturers to prepare their lecture notes, for other readers who are willing to explore the world of economic science.

Теория делового предприятия

Теория делового предприятия

Автор: Торстейн Веблен

Книга американского экономиста и социолога Торстейна Веблена, одного из основоположников институционализма, посвящена исследованию природы, причин возникновения, мотивам деятельности делового предприятия; личности бизнесмена и его целям; основному, как считал Т.Веблен, конфликту того времени — противостоянию машинного производства и предпринимательства с целью извлечения прибыли и отражению этого противостояния в политике и культуре. Рекомендуется научным работникам, преподавателям, студентам, аспирантам, специализирующимся в области экономики, а также всем, кто интересуется классическими произведениями экономической мысли.

Making Sense of Intellectual Capital : Designing a Method for the Valuation of Intangibles

Making Sense of Intellectual Capital : Designing a Method for the Valuation of Intangibles

Автор:

Book DescriptionPeter Drucker has introduced us all to the knowledge era, where knowledge is the primary resource and intangibles (intellectual capital resources and assets) are now largely recognized as the most important sources of organizations’ competitive advantage. With the recognition of the importance of Intangibles comes the problem of how to properly identify them and assign them a value within the corporation. This is an area of concern in 5 fields: 1) accounting and financial reporting, 2) performance measurement and management, 3) valuation in the finance field, 4) the Human Resources field in terms of management, strategy, and planning, and 5) Intellectual Capital. Over the past eight years, over 25 methods have been proposed for the valuation of intangibles coming out of these 5 fields. In this book, Andriessen evaluates 25 existing methods of intangible valuation according to highly developed criteria. In performing his evaluations, Andriessen synthesizes the state of the art research from these fields based on extensive research. He then presents his own method for valuing intangibles, which he began developing and testing as a Senior Manager at KPMG Knowledge Advisory Services in The Netherlands. He relates six case studies inwhich this method was tested in actual companies, carefully reviews the results of his tests, and then concludes by offering a new and improved method for valuing intangibles in his Weightless Wealth Toolkit, a complete step-by-step process for identifying, valuing, and managing Intangibles to help managers operate successfully in the Intangible Economy.-Contains the only comprehensive and academically sound review and evaluation of existing methods for valuing intangible resources -Well-known author from KPMG in The Netherlands-Includes a do-it-yourself toolkit for valuing intangible resources

Механизмы управления эколого-экономическими системами

Механизмы управления эколого-экономическими системами

Автор: В. Н. Бурков, Д. А. Новиков, А. В. Щепкин

Монография содержит результаты разработки и исследования комплекса оптимизационных, теоретико-игровых и имитационных моделей механизмов управления эколого-экономическими системами, включающего механизмы: комплексного оценивания интегрального риска и ущерба, штрафов, платы за риск, финансирования снижения уровня риска, компенсации затрат на снижение уровня риска, продажи квот на уровень риска, аудита, снижения ожидаемого ущерба, экономической мотивации, оптимизации региональных программ, согласования интересов органов управления. Работа рассчитана на студентов вузов, аспирантов и специалистов по математическому моделированию и управлению эколого-экономическими, социально-экономическими и организационными системами.